Tag: martin scorsese
Unlock the secret.
Set in 1930s Paris, an orphan who lives in the walls of a train station is wrapped up in a mystery involving his late father and a robot. Hugo Cabret is an orphan boy living a secret life in the walls of a Paris train station. When Hugo encounters a broken automaton, an eccentric girl, and the cold, reserved man who runs the toy shop, he is caught up in a magical, mysterious adventure that could put all of his secrets in jeopardy.
Although the film is based on a children’s book and features pre- teen lead characters, this over two-hour period film will probably have most of its appeal to older adults, especially film history fans. The adult stars such as Ben Kingsley and Sacha Baron Cohen have smaller supporting roles to the young leads. There is no objectionable content except for a couple of action sequences that may be intense for very young kids.
Hugo is a 2011 British-American-French 3D historical adventure drama film directed and co-produced by Martin Scorsese and adapted for the screen by John Logan. Based on Brian Selznick’s novel The Invention of Hugo Cabret, it is about a boy who lives alone in the Gare Montparnasse railway station in Paris in the 1930s. A co-production between Graham King’s GK Films and Johnny Depp’s Infinitum Nihil, the film stars Ben Kingsley, Sacha Baron Cohen, Asa Butterfield, Chloë Grace Moretz, Ray Winstone, Emily Mortimer, Jude Law, Helen McCrory, and Christopher Lee.
Hugo is Scorsese’s first film shot in 3D, of which the filmmaker remarked: “I found 3D to be really interesting, because the actors were more upfront emotionally. Their slightest move, their slightest intention is picked up much more precisely.” The film was released in the United States on November 23, 2011.
Hugo grossed $185 million at the box office against a budget of $150 – $170 million. Hugo received eleven Academy Award nominations (including Best Picture), more than any other film that year, and won five awards: Best Cinematography, Best Art Direction, Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Editing and Best Visual Effects. It was also nominated for eight BAFTAs, winning two, and was nominated for three Golden Globe Awards, earning Scorsese his third Golden Globe for Best Director.
Related Link: Read the Full Production Notes for Hugo Movie
To re-create the world of Paris in the early ‘30s, as filtered through Hugo Cabret, Scorsese aimed to create, as he put it, “a balance of realism and myth.” He brought researcher Marianne Bower onboard, who looked to lend authenticity, supported by historical photographs, documents and films of the period. She narrowed her search to isolate the time period of 1925 to 1931.
As a course of study for the creative departments, members of Team Hugo watched about 180 of Méliès’ films, about 13 hours’-worth, along with films of René Clair and Carol Reed, avant-garde cinema from the 1920s and ‘30s. They watched films of the Lumière brothers, and silent films from the ‘20s to study period tinting and toning. Reference was not limited to ‘moving pictures,’ as they also studied still photography of Brassaï (Hungarian photographer Gyula K. Halász, who memorialized Paris between the Wars) for the period look of the Parisian streets and the appearance and behavior of the background actors.
While some location filming would take place, the majority of filming was to be done at England’s Shepperton Studios, where the production designer Dante Ferretti would supervise the construction of Hugo’s world, which included a life-size train station with all of its shops, Méliès’ entire apartment building, his glass studio building, a bombed-out structure next door, a fully stocked corner wine shop and an enormous graveyard marked by huge monuments and stone crypts, among others.
The centerpiece of the tale, the station, was an amalgamation of design elements and structures lifted from multiple train stations of the period—some still in existence, which proved helpful to many of the artists; sadly, Gare Montparnasse was destroyed and rebuilt anew in 1969. Per Scorsese, “Our station is a combination of several different train stations in Paris at that time. Also, our Paris is really a heightened Paris…our impression of Paris at the time.”
Ferretti’s impressive sets were brought even more into the period with the help of set decorator Francesca Lo Schiavo, who joyfully admits that she had the pitiable task of repeated shopping trips to flea markets in and around Paris. She also supervised the reproduction of posters from 1930-31 for use in the station and on some building exteriors. Some design elements were also inspired references to some of the best of French cinema.
An experience from Ferretti’s youth also proved quite useful to the designer—at age eight, the father of his best friend worked with clocks, and once he began to incorporate them into his designs, “all my memory about this came back…I had forgotten everything.” (The actual construction of the clocks themselves was done by Joss Williams of special effects.)
When finished, the main hall of the train station filled a soundstage, running 150 feet in length, 120 in width and 41 in height. The overwhelmingly immersive environment allowed Scorsese and director of photography Robert Richardson to film all the movement, bustle and collision of the multiple stories dictated in Logan’s screenplay, including a rather breathless chase between the Station Inspector and Hugo.
Costume designer Sandy Powell also looked to the past for information and inspiration, but also, played fully with the idea of Scorsese’s ‘impression of Paris’ agenda. Vintage clothing figured heavily—for reference and for actual use—but for those actually worn by an actor, they had to be subjected to strengthening (at the very least) or even re-made.
Powell found Hugo’s signature striped sweater, then had copies made (several sets of identical costumes were necessary for characters who appear in largely unchanged outfits throughout the film). When Helen McCrory appears as a constellation in one of Méliès’ films, she was outfitted in a found skirt (from an old costume or ball gown from the ‘40s or ‘50s, Powell surmises), which, with added bodice, was refashioned into the airy costume befitting a ‘star.’ Kingsley’s costumes as Méliès were taken directly from photographs, then padded, to not only give the actor a more slumped silhouette, but also to remind him not to stand up straight.
But history did not always have the final say—for the Station Inspector’s uniform, Powell rejected the bottle green color called for in favor of a near-turquoise blue.
Related Link: Read the Full Production Notes for Hugo Movie
Martin Scorsese was born in 1942 in New York City, and was raised in the neighborhood of Little Italy, which later provided the inspiration for several of his films. Scorsese earned a B.S. degree in film communications in 1964, followed by an M.A. in the same field in 1966 at New York University’s School of Film. During this time, he made numerous prize-winning short films including “The Big Shave.” In 1968, Scorsese directed his first feature film, entitled “Who’s That Knocking At My Door?”.
He served as assistant director and an editor of the documentary “Woodstock” in 1970 and won critical and popular acclaim for his 1973 film “Mean Streets.” Scorsese directed his first documentary film, “Italianamerican,” in 1974. In 1976, Scorsese’s “Taxi Driver” was awarded the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival. He followed with “New York, New York” in 1977, “The Last Waltz” in 1978 and “Raging Bull” in 1980, which received eight Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture and Best Director. Scorsese went on to direct “The Color of Money,” “The Last Temptation of Christ,” “Goodfellas,” “Cape Fear,” “Casino,” “Kundun” and “The Age of Innocence,” among other films.
In 1996, Scorsese completed a four-hour documentary, “A Personal Journey With Martin Scorsese Through American Movies,” co-directed by Michael Henry Wilson. The documentary was commissioned by the British Film Institute to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the birth of cinema.
In 2001 Scorsese released “Il Mio Viaggio in Italia,” an epic documentary that affectionately chronicles his love for Italian Cinema. His long-cherished project, “Gangs of New York,” was released in 2002, earning numerous critical honors, including a Golden Globe Award for Best Director. In 2003, PBS broadcast the seven-film documentary series “Martin Scorsese Presents: The Blues.” “The Aviator” was released in December of 2004 and earned five Academy Awards, in addition to the Golden Globe and BAFTA awards for Best Picture. In 2005, “No Direction Home: Bob Dylan” was broadcast as part of the “American Masters” series on PBS.
In 2006, “The Departed” was released to critical acclaim and was honored with the Director’s Guild of America, Golden Globe, New York Film Critics, National Board of Review and Critic’s Choice awards for Best Director, in addition to four Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. Scorsese’s documentary of the Rolling Stones in concert, “Shine a Light,” was released in 2008. In February 2010, “Shutter Island” premiered. That year, Scorsese also released two documentaries: the Peabody Award-winning “A Letter to Elia” on PBS; and “Public Speaking,” starring writer Fran Lebowitz on HBO. In October 2011, Scorsese’s documentary for HBO, “George Harrison: Living in the Material World,” was released.
Scorsese also serves as executive producer on HBO’s series “Boardwalk Empire,” for which he directed the pilot episode. The series went on to win the Golden Globe for Best Television Series Drama and Scorsese took home the DGA Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in a Dramatic Series.
Scorsese’s additional awards and honors include the Golden Lion from the Venice Film Festival (1995), the AFI Life Achievement Award (1997), the Honoree at the Film Society of Lincoln Center’s 25th Gala Tribute (1998), the DGA Lifetime Achievement Award (2003), The Kennedy Center Honors (2007) and the HFPA Cecil B. DeMille Award (2010).
Scorsese is the founder and chair of The Film Foundation, a non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation and protection of motion picture history. At the 2007 Cannes Film Festival, Scorsese launched the World Cinema Foundation, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to the preservation and restoration of neglected films from around the world, with special attention paid to those developing countries lacking the financial and technical resources to do the work themselves. Scorsese is the founder and chair.
The actor and director working for a family film prior to the antipodes of the universe of New York filmmaker. Scorsese will cross the Atlantic. For his next feature film director embarks on London and Paris, thus abandoning the banks of the Hudson River. But that’s not all. The director also makes 3D. With Johnny Depp (co-producer of the film) Martin Scorsese should adapt the book of Selznik Brian, The invention of Hugo Cabret, thus giving the family entertainment.
To get the filmmaker has surrounded the screenwriter John Logan, to whom we owe such Gladiator, The Aviator or Sweeney Todd. The story of the next Scorsese will focus on Hugo, an orphan of 12 who lives in Paris Gare du 30 years and tries to solve the mystery surrounding a broken robot, thus resuming the work of his father. Regarding the cast, the director has already arrested some names. Chloe Moretz, Ben Kingsley, Sacha Baron Cohen. The three players will embark on the filming of which all exterior scenes will be shot in Paris. The release date is set for December 9, 2011, according to U.S. magazine Variety.