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All About Giza Pyramid Complex in Egypt

Giza, Egypt. Canvas Print
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The Giza pyramid complex is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. This complex of ancient monuments includes the three pyramid complexes known as the Great Pyramids, the massive sculpture known as the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers’ village and an industrial complex. It is located approximately 9 km (5 mi) west into the Libyan Desert from the Nile river at the old town of Giza, and about 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Cairo city centre.

The pyramids, which have historically loomed large as emblems of ancient Egypt in the Western imagination, were popularised in Hellenistic times, when the Great Pyramid was listed by Antipater of Sidon as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is by far the oldest of the ancient Wonders and the only one still in existence.

The Pyramids of Giza consist of the Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Cheops or Khufu and constructed c. 2560–2540 BC), the somewhat smaller Pyramid of Khafre (or Chephren) a few hundred meters to the south-west, and the relatively modest-sized Pyramid of Menkaure (or Mykerinos) a few hundred meters further south-west. The Great Sphinx lies on the east side of the complex. Current consensus among Egyptologists is that the head of the Great Sphinx is that of Khafre. Along with these major monuments are a number of smaller satellite edifices, known as “queens” pyramids, causeways and valley pyramids.

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Welcome to Niagara Falls

Welcome to Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls is located on the west bank of the Niagara River, overlooking the falls and directly opposite the city of Niagara Falls, N.Y., to which it is connected by both highway and railway bridges. It is famous as a tourist resort and for its great hydro-electric plants which supply most of the cities in southwestern Ontario. Its chief manufactured products include abrasives, beverages, chemicals, cereal products, canned goods, fertilizers, machinery, silverware and underwear.


Welland, county seat of Welland county, is located on the Welland Ship Canal about 8 miles north of Lake Erie. A developing manufacturing centre, its factories produce steel products, machinery, tools, rubber goods, textiles and electrical appliances. In 2006 the city had resident population of 50,331.

Fort Erie

Fort Erie, at the outlet of Lake Erie into Niagara River, is connected with Buffalo, N.Y., by the Peace Bridge. At the Canadian end of the bridge is located a park which occupies the site of a French fort and settlement of 1750. From this point the four lane Queen Elizabeth Way leads to Toronto.

Port Colborne

At the Lake Erie entrance of the Welland Canal, Port Colborne, including the formerly independent village of Humberstone, held a population of 18,599 in 2006. Grain elevators, blast furnaces, a nickel refinery and a cement plant are important industries.

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