Christian Dior: The New Look
With the war over, for women some things changed while others remained all too much the same. It is an oversimplification to see the war as a period of outright liberation for women, but nor is it true that they were just pushed back into the home after the cessation of hostiIities.
Fashion, Film Noir and Romance
At the same time as Christian Dior was creating a nostalgic fashion and the French film industry was revitalizing itself, with period romances in which the stars appeared in dresses that seemed only slightly more exaggerated than the evening crinolines of the modern couture salons, Hollywood film noir was in its heyday.
Evolution of Fashion Styles
Fashion is how we express our identitites. Fashion not only highlights the social history and the needs of women, but also the overall cultural aesthetic of the various periods. The evolution of fashion dates back to several hundred years and as our attitude and culture change, fashion comes along with it.
The Reappearance of Youth Fashions
Fashion is a way of life; an attitude that transcends through your ensemble displaying your own originality. It allows people to express their feelings and make statements through their clothes and accessories. With the prosperity of the 1950s in full swing, American clothing manufacturers discovered — or perhaps created — new markets eager to buy their goods: children and teenagers. Television and printed advertisements instilled in 1950s kids at an early age a rampant consumerism that their parents had never had.
American Dream: Suburban Life Design
The prime difficulty in most city planning until the 20th century was due to the fact that too few trained individuals had given specific thought to such problems as the regulation of traffic, control of the ingress of food stuffs, and the elimination of waste material. No one had considered the city as a greatly magnified human being which needed light, air, and exercise, as well as protection from the smoke and noise of the machine.
The Promotion of Lifestyle
With the Arcadian and Utopian idea continually before him, the average American considers the ideal living conditions to be such as will allow him a maximum of space in an individual home, preferably in the suburbs. Beginning with the town of Pullman, founded in 1880 at Gary, Indiana, there rose in America several privately planned suburban real-estate developments.
1950s Cars: Dream Machines
With the return of prosperity in the early 1920’s, the American automobile industry came into its own as the nation’s largest manufacturing enterprise. Production of motor vehicles climbed from 2,227,349 in 1920 to a phenomenal high of 5,337,687 in 1929, a figure not surpassed for another 20 years. By 1929, there was one automobile on the highway for every six people in the United States, and Herbert Hoover’s campaign slogan of “two cars in every garage” was by no means as ridiculous as it was made out to be by subsequent critics.
Socio economic changes that occurred during the First World War 1914-18 and became accepted, changed the role of women in a way that no amount of campaigning by a few liberated ladies could have achieved. High fashion until the twenties had been for the richer women of society. Poiret had commissioned leading avant-garde photographers to photograph his work in the early 1920s; however, until after World War II fashion magazines and store catalogs most often used line drawings in iliustrations.
Beatniks Generation in San Francisco
In the United States the Beats, or Beatniks, were originaIly a West Coast phenomenon. The word ‘beat’ was primarily in use after World War II by jazz musicians and hustlers as a slang term meaning down and out, or poor and exhausted. Jazz musician Mezz Mezzrow combined it with other words like ‘dead beat’or ‘beat-up’ in his book Really The Blues.
Advertising for Men: Cigarette Advertisements
While, in the interwar years, most consumer goods had been aimed at a female market (even if it didn’t earn the money to pay for them), by the 1950s men had become, increasingly, the target for the ad-men of Madison Avenue. People honestly believed that smoking cigarettes were, while maybe not good for you, at least would not have harmful effects. The cigarette industry was in what is now referred to as its “Golden Age.
Japanese Design in the 1950s
The question of Zen’s origin and its relationship to Buddhism has been taken up by many authorities and given different answers, depending upon the author’s background and point of view. Yet everyone agrees that Zen–to use Alan Watts’s expression–has a peculiar flavor and is unlike anything found in India.